• Avoid all Windows operating systems, because they are difficult or even impossible to secure.
  • Use Libre Office or OpenOffice instead of Microsoft Office.
  • Use Thunderbird instead of Microsoft Outlook.
  • Apple macOS is highly recommended, or load a good Linux desktop distribution like Ubuntu Desktop or Mint on your existing PC hardware.
  • If you’re using MacOS, make sure your firewall is enabled and you know how to configure it.
  • Avoid Android-based phones. Use properly configured Apple iPhones (iOS) only.
  • Avoid any Internet browser that uses Google Chromium at their core. This includes Chrome, Microsoft Edge, DuckDuckGo, and Brave. FireFox is our browser of choice. Safari is also highly recommended.
  • Serious security flaws have been documented with Arris, Asus, AVM, Edimax, D-Link, Linksys, Netgear, Synology, and TP-Link Internet routers. Make sure your router has all the latest updates. Contact the router’s manufacturer or your Internet service provider for help. You may need an up-to-date router to be as secure as possible.
  • The DuckDuckGo search engine isn’t any more private than other popular search engines, despite their marketing claims. We’re currently researching viable alternatives.  Qwant is showing promise.
  • Avoid using VPN services because they are often not secure. A Proxy service might be a better choice if anonymity is desired.
  • Use ClamXAV Anti-Virus.
  • Avoid visiting questionable websites to avoid possible viruses and trojans.
  • Use secure email services from ProtonMail or StartMail.
  • Avoid unsecured public Wi-Fi.
  • Always keep your computer and mobile phone operating systems and applications up-to-date.